Updated: Jan 19, 2022
What is Procrastination?
Procrastination is the practice of deferring or postponing duties until the last possible moment or after the deadline has passed. It is defined as a "type of self-regulation failure marked by the arbitrary avoidance of tasks despite seemingly negative consequences," according to some experts.
No matter how regimented and diligent you are, you have probably found yourself wasting hours on frivolous distractions like watching Netflix, scrolling through Instagram, or shopping online when you should have been hard at work or school-related responsibilities.
Passive vs. Active Procrastinators
Procrastinators can be divided into two categories: passive and active.  Passive procrastinators shelve tasks as they grapple with making decisions and acting on them, whereas active procrastinators put off tasks deliberately as working under pressure incites intrinsic motivation.
People typically presume that procrastination is simply a matter of fortitude, however the phenomenon is vastly more complicated. When presented with a difficult task, we rely primarily on our self-control and inherent drive to get things done. However, when confronted with demotivating stimuli that have the reverse effect on our motivation, we are more likely to succumb to procrastination. 
What causes Procrastination:
Fear of failure/negative feedback
Lack of interest
Long-term rewards instead of immediate gratification
Procrastination is linked to a number of risks and disastrous outcomes, including poor academic achievement, financial hardship, interpersonal interaction challenges, diminished satisfaction, and poor mental and physical health.
Understanding the risks of procrastination is critical as it may help you recognize when and how procrastination is negatively affecting someone, including yourself, and because being aware of these vulnerabilities can boost your and others' motivation to overcome procrastination.
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About Our Writer
Ashwini is a witty and avid sitcom and true crime aficionado who thinks she has a great sense of humour. The gym is her second home but when she is not working out, she often finds herself buried in books. Supporting her friends' and family's mental health journeys has deepened her understanding on the struggles they go through everyday. P.S. She does the peace sign too much, it's alarming.
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1. “Active and Passive Procrastination: Definitions, Examples, Differences, and Criticisms.” Solving Procrastination, Solving Procrastination, https://solvingprocrastination.com/active-passive-procrastination/.
2. Chang, Janet. “How to Stop Procrastinating.” HealthHub, https://www.healthhub.sg/live-healthy/1355/how-to-stop-procrastinating.